The North America country with Its ten provinces and three territories coming from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, also covering 9.98 million square kilometres, makes Canada the world’s second-largest country.
The Proudly rated the second largest country in the world after Russia, has its borders with the United States to the south, and the US state of Alaska to the north-west and endowed with huge varied geographical features such as mountain ranges, highland plateaus with thousands of lakes and rivers, lowlands, plains and prairies. While the Arctic region of the country has hundreds of islands.
Canada is officially bilingual in English and French, reflecting the country’s history as ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. The word Canada is derived from the Huron-Iroquois kanata, meaning a village or settlement. In the 16th century, French explorer Jacques Cartier used the name Canada to refer to the area around the settlement that is now Quebec city. Later, Canada was used as a synonym for New France, which, from 1534 to 1763, included all the French possessions along the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. After the British conquest of New France, the name Quebec was sometimes used instead of Canada. The name Canada was fully restored after 1791, when Britain divided old Quebec into the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada (renamed in 1841 Canada West and West andCanada East respectively, and collectively called Canada). In 1867 the British Norths America Act created a confederation from three colonies (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Canada) called the Dominion of Canada. The act also divided the old colony of Canada into the separate provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Dominion status allowed Canada a large measure of self-rule, but matters pertaining to international diplomacy and military alliances were reserved to the British crown. Canada became entirely self-governing within the British Empire in 1931, though full legislative independence was not achieved until 1982, when Canada obtained the right to amend its own constitution.
Canada has been an influential member of the Commonwealth and has played a leading role in the organization of French-speaking countries known as La Francophonie. It was a founding member of the United Nations and has been active in a number of major UN agencies and other worldwide operations. In 1989 Canada joined the Organization of America States and signed a free trade agreement with the United States, a pact that was superseded in 1992 by the North American Free Trade Agreement (which also includes Mexico). A founding member (1961) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Canada is also a member of the Group of Seven (G7), which includes the world’s seven largest industrial democracies and, as the Group of Eight (G8), had included Russia until it was indefinitely suspended from membership in 2014.
Canada has beautiful places to visit, which includes:
The largest city in Canada and arguably the best-known, Toronto is not the country’s capital (Ottawa is), but it is the Ontarian. Like a more civilised, clean-cut New York, Toronto has its skyscrapers downtown, glitzy shopping in Yorkville and Bohemian districts in Queen Street West. It is also home to the CN Tower, once the world’s tallest, at 1,815 feet.
2. Niagara Falls
Straddling the US-Canadian border, Niagara Falls is within reach of Toronto – and well worth it. The three falls combined, the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls, form the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world (around 2,400 m3 per second). Once you’ve seen the Falls (take a Maid of the Mist tour), explore the theme park-esque town that lives off the natural wonder’s tourist appeal.
The second largest city in Canada, Montreal is France’s home away from home. The city’s official language is French and spoken by more than half of the population. The French also lend the city its sense of cool, laid-back chic. It is a cultural hub with more than a few international flavours and boasts more than 100 festivals a year.
Vancouver has been named the “best place to live in the world” more than a few times. The west coast city in British Columbia boasts a buzzy cultural life, a rich platter of ethnically diverse restaurants and a cosmopolitan population. Because of its proximity to both mountains and ocean, Vancouver is famous for offering every kind of outdoor sport and adventure, from skiing and snow sports in the winter to kayaking and water sports in the summer, and hiking, camping, and biking year-round. Also fishing, scenic golf courses, and mountain ziplining!
5. Quebec and Quebec City
Quebec, the largest province in Canada, and its capital, Quebec City, are on the country’s east coast, and play host to some of Canada’s most beautiful countryside. Quebec City is one of the oldest settlements in North America, French-speaking and home to the Château Frontenac, a 19th century hotel that dominates the city’s skyline. Quebec the province, of which Montreal is a part, has small, picturesque towns, ski resorts and moose. Québec City is also known for its rich history, cobblestone streets, European architecture and fortifications.